*Turing's Connectionism*. 2002*From Utopian to Genuine Unconventional Computers*. 2006, with Andrew Adamatzky2007, with Andrew Adamatzky, Lawrence Bull, Ben De Lacy Costello, Susan Stepney*Unconventional Computing 2007*.

- Outlining an Unconventional, Adaptive, and Particle-Based Reconfigurable Computer Architecture. 2005. (In
*Unconventional Programming Paradigms, UPP 2004*) - COEL: A Web-based Chemistry Simulation Framework. 2014. (In
)*CoSMoS 2014* - Designed versus intrinsic computation. 2016. (In
*The Once and Future Turing*)

Turing’s connectionism provides a detailed and in-depth
analysis of Turing’s almost forgotten ideas on oonnectionist machines.
In a little known paper entitled “Intelligent Machinery”,
Turing already investigated connections models as early as 1948.
Unfortunately, his work was dismissed by his employer as a
“schoolboy essay“ and went unpublished until 1968, 14 years after his death.

in this book, Christof Teuscher analyzes all aspects of Turing’s “unorganized machines”. Turing himself also proposed a sort of genetic algorithm to train the networks. This idea has been resumed by the author and genetic algorithms are used to build and train Turing’s unorganized machines. Teuscher’s work starts from Turing’s initial ideas, but importantly goes beyond them. Many new kinds of machines and new aspects are considered, e.g., hardware implementation, analysis of the complex dynamics of the networks, hypercomputation, and learning algorithms.

- • Kazuhito Yamada, Tetsuya Asai, Ikuko N. Motoike, Yoshihito Amemiya.
**On digital VLSI circuits exploiting colision-based fusion gates**. 2006 - • Adam Budd, Christopher Stone, Jonathan Masere, Andrew Adamatzky, Ben De Lacy Costello, Lawrence Bull.
**Towards machine learning control of chemical computers**. 2006 - • Nicholas Glade.
**Existence and persistence of microtubule chemical trails---a step toward microtubule collision-based computing**. 2006 - • John Greenman, Ioannis Ieropoulus, Chris R. Melhuish.
**Perfusion anodophile biofilm electrodes and their potential for computing**. 2006 - • Niall Murphy, Thomas J. Naughton, Damien Woods, Beverley Henley, Kieran McDermott, Elaine Duffy, Peter J. M. van der Burgt, Niamh Woods.
**Implementations of a model of physical sorting**. 2006 - • Selim G. Akl.
**Conventional or unconventional: Is any computer universal?**. 2006 - • Karoline Wiesner, James P. Crutchfield.
**Language diversity of measured quantum processes**. 2006 - • William M. Stevens.
**Logic Circuits in a system of repelling particles**. 2006 - • Alexis De Vos, Yvan Van Rentergem.
**From group theory to reversible computers**. 2006

- • Matthias Bechmann, John A. Clark, Angelika Sebald, Susan Stepney.
**Unentangling nuclear magnetic resonance computing**. 2007 - • Simon O'Keefe.
**Implementation of logical operations on a domino substrate**. 2007 - • William M. Stevens.
**A kinematic Turing machine**. 2007 - • Effirul I. Ramlan, Klaus-Peter Zauner.
**Nucleic acid enzymes: The fusion of self-assembly and conformational computing**. 2007 - • Ed Blakey.
**On the computational complexity of physical computing systems .**. 2007 - • Navneet Bhalla, Peter J. Bentley, Christian Jacob.
**Mapping virtual self-assembly rules to physical systems**. 2007 - • Willem Fouche, Johannes Heidema, Glyn Jones, Petrus H. Potgieter.
**Halting in quantum Turing computation**. 2007 - • Kohta Suzuki, Satoshi Murata.
**Design of DNA spike oscillator**. 2007 - • Kaoru Onodera.
**The computing power of structured molecules with gaps: Watson-Crick insertion systems**. 2007 - • Mike Stannett.
**Physical hypercomputation**. 2007 - • Jeff Jones, Mohammed Saeed.
**Collective perception of absolute brightness from relative contrast information -- an emergent pattern formation approach**. 2007 - • Masayuki Ikebe, Yusuke Kitauchi.
**Evaluation of a multi-path maze-solving cellular automata by using a virtual slime-mold model**. 2007 - • Takashi Morie, Takahiro Yamamoto.
**A cellular-automaton-based anisotropic diffusion algorithm for subjective contour generation and its digital VLSI implementation**. 2007 - • Xin-She Yang, Young Z. L. Yang.
**Cellular automata networks**. 2007 - • Eugene S. Kitamura, Yukio-Pegio Gunji.
**Wholeness based on gluing of incomplete information**. 2007