I like skimming through dictionaries of foreign languages, to see the words that get translated into long phrases of English; the words that English has no bundled concept for; the words that might give some insight into an alien culture. It leads to the thought, what words in English require similar wordy translations into foreign languages?
I picked up this dictionary of Pulaar, a dialect of the African Fula language, during a recent semi-regular trip to Hay-on-Wye (read: the Welsh town comprising essentially nothing but second-hand bookshops).
The dictionary would imply a people concerned with farming millet and cattle, with cooking and eating, with the Moslem religion, with unbraiding hair and getting vaccinations, with war and examinations and marriage and child-bearing, and with urinating and defecating.
It includes words such as: alde v. place animals in a hedged area amnude v. make someone dance ande v. 1) cut fish into pieces 2) be obscure askinde v. tell the genealogy of someone baami fibres used for false hair bambu cloth used for tying a child on one's back beyaat second clearance of weeds bolce vomited milk botoboto feast organised by children buy adv. very yellow ceggitoowo person who filters liquids again dawde v. go to work in the morning eloowo 1) person who disdains 2) person who cuts wood into pieces fesaade v. 1) be intelligent 2) be vaccinated fewjande v. 1) make food for someone 2) conspire; plot [so, "cook up a plot"?] fongude v. remember and say something during a meal harsude v. make a slip-knot hawde v. 1) charge with the head 2) prevail; win; defeat huwde v. 1) defecate 2) lie jawdi 1) cattle; animals 2) possessions jeenay nine jeenayo the ninth person in rank jumde v. 1) request; file a claim/suit 2) get honey from a hive jumpude v. jiggle a bucket in a well lamminde v. 1) make sour 2) joke around 3) appoint a chief luuti posthumous child meppo person with a lower lip smaller than the upper lip ooyde v. be unwilling to share food ormaade v. crush tobacco in one's palm rungaade v. carry on the head without a head pad ruttude v. 1) vomit 2) reimburse; refund; give change 3) repel suutaade v. leave one's husband's compound after a dispute taalnande v. inflict a wound on behalf of someone taaraade v. 1) besiege; surround; circumvent 2) urinate tagdude v. create simultaneously talde v. cut a big piece of raw meat tufam mixture of milk, sugar and water tufde v. 1) pierce 2) mix water and milk wambude v. carry a child on one's back yaajde v. 1) be wide 2) be patient