Open-ended novelty is one of the goals of ALife. This provides challenges for analysis as the system evolves. We provide definitions for several emergent properties, such as parasitism and hypercycles, observed to emerge in an RNA world configuration of the Stringmol automata chemistry, and show how these can simultaneously be mathematically simple, capture the complexity of the processes, and be readily implementable.
@inproceedings(Stepney2021:ALife:parasite, author = "Susan Stepney and Simon Hickinbotham", title = "What is a Parasite? Defining reaction and network properties in an open ended automata chemistry", pages = "598-606", doi = "10.1162/isal_a_00413", crossref = "ALife-2021" ) @proceedings(ALife-2021, title = "ALife 2021, Prague, Czech Republic (virtual), July 2021", booktitle = "ALife 2021, Prague, Czech Republic (virtual), July 2021", publisher = "MIT Press", year = 2021 )