Dr Ian D. Benest

Department of Computer Science,
University of York,
Deramore Lane,
United Kingdom.

Telephone: UK: 01-904-32-5671; Int: +44-1-904-32-5671
Facsimile: UK: 01-904-32-5599; Int: +44-1-904-32-5599
Electronic Mail: ian.benest@cs.york.ac.uk
Research Teaching Professional Membership Publications

Research (Hypermedia User-Interface Design Group)

Current research includes determining the minimal interaction sequences necessary to provide a human-orientated hypermedia-based system that is capable of providing browsable access to very large quantities of multimedia information without exhibiting the fundamental user-interface problems normally associated with conventional hypermedia systems.

A tangible outcome of this work is the development of the Automated Office Metaphor - a system interface that is at a higher level than that of the Desktop Metaphor. It includes a linearised hypermedia system called the Book Emulator that has open-hypertext features. A number of applications have been investigated, including: conferenced project notebooks, simulator notebooks with 2.5D user-interfaces, specification techniques for computer-based teaching (CBT) and learning (CBL) material, and access to bibliographic material through a mimicked journal volume interface.

More recently the concept of the on-line lecture has been developed to exploit the Book Emulator, its schematic drawing capability, and its user-authored hyperlinking. The metaphorical basis for the on-line lecture is the traditional OHP-based lecture that is familiar to University teachers. The system assumes that the lecturer can collect, organise, and present material in an orderly fashion, but is not familiar with good user-interface design skills and is unable or unwilling to use a programming language. The on-line lecture is specified using a visual programming paradigm in which slide content, animation, audio narrative, and illustrative pictures and movies are ordered by means of the relative positioning of screen objects. This is then compiled into an on-line lecture that enables the student to see and hear the whole lecture, truly browse to a particular slide and "play" it, or see/hear individual fragments of the lecture. This is designed for private study either before or after the lecture is given live in a lecture theatre.

On-line lectures can be indexed and accessed through a Resource Book along with other information such as past exam papers, simulators, manuals and supplementary documents. The Resource Book can display and provide browsable access to picture libraries and reference libraries as well as hardcopies of material. The material can be searched for words or symbols and the results of the search are displayed in context thus minimising the number of inappropriate selections. Resource books have an ability to search picture libraries and audio fragments as well as ordinary documents that have been produced in a number of different formats.

A new on-line lecture viewer is being explored that is designed to be used in the lecture theatre with suitable projection facilities. The material for this viewer will be automatically generated when the private study version is created.

Research is now being directed towards the Multimedia Digital Library whose user-interface will be based on further developments of the Automated Office Metaphor particularly that part which manages the work-space as presented to the user. An application of the Digital Library will be motivated by the need for lecturers to search picture, audio, movie and slide information for material that can be inserted into their on-line lecture based material. A key element will be the extraction and labelling of semantic information in the material and the display of relevant search results.

Current research also includes investigating the user-interface characteristics of an Automated Personal Assistant (APA) that is both responsive and proactive. The function of the APA will be to help overcome human weaknesses such as forgetting the location and content of information previously found but not necessarily deliberately remembered, and reminding the user of tasks performed by the APA and other processes.

One outcome of this research is the development of a multi-role hypermedia-based graphical interface providing all the generally accepted hypermedia services for searching, organising, categorising and filing that is needed for a personal information space. It will incorporate low-level support for aural as well visual communication between computer and user. In essence it will provide an integrated user-interface. It is intended that it will be used to support access to On-Line Lectures, the Multimedia Digital Library and co-operation between the user and the Automated Personal Assistant.

Underpinning that interface will be a set of software agents whose architecture, communication protocol, shared data structure, and user-modelling is being collaboratively reseached by Nuno Ribeiro

Teaching Interests

Ian Benest used to teach Digital Circuit Design - a two-term first-year course covering combinatorial and sequential circuit design at the SSI and MSI levels. By the end of the course students should understand the engineering approach to design. The course includes laboratory sessions during which circuits are analysed and designed. Students gain experience with the SPICE and Powerview simulators. This course exploits the research into on-line lectures.

He used to teach User-Interface Design - a one-term third-year option covering the human-centred approach to designing human-computer systems. The course concentrated on that period of the design between the requirements capture stage and the detailed specification stage, during which the overall metaphor is developed. The information processing characteristics and limitations of humans are covered together with the wide range of graphical input and output devices available, and the basic interactive and interface styles.

Professional Membership

Ian Benest is a Chartered Engineer (CEng) through his membership of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET).

Want to know more about student membership of the IET?


BENEST, I.D., "Interactive Graphics for Computer-Aided Circuit Design", MSc Dissertation, University of Essex, Colchester, UK, March 1976.

BENEST, I.D., "Computer-Aided Circuit Design using Interactive Graphics", PhD Dissertation, University of Essex, Colchester, UK, July 1978.

BENEST, I.D., "A Review of Computer Graphics Publications", Computers and Graphics, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 95-136, 1979.

BENEST, I.D. & FIDLER, J.K., "A New Approach to Computer-Aided Circuit Design", IEE European Conference on Electronic Design Automation, IEE Conference Publication No. 200, pp. 135-138, September 1981.

BENEST, I.D. & JONES, G., "Computer Emulation of Books", IEE International Conference on Man/Machine Systems, IEE Conference Publication No. 212, pp. 267-271, July 1982.

BENEST, I.D. & POTOK, M.H.N., "Signposting around Interactive Design", Ergonomics Society Conference, The User Interface: The Ergonomics of Interactive Computing, September 1983.

POTOK, M.H.N., & BENEST, I.D., "Filter Synthesis Using FIDES", Videotape, Department of Computer Science Report YCS.70, University of York, September 1983.

BENEST, I.D. & POTOK, M.H.N., "Wayfinding: An Approach Using Signposting Techniques", Behaviour and Information Technology, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 99-107, 1984.

BENEST, I.D. & MORGAN, G., "A Humanised Model for the Electronic Library", IEE Colloquium Digest No. 1985/80, pp. 2/1-2/9, October 1985.

BENEST, I.D., & TOOK, R.K., "Interactive Techniques in Software Engineering Environments", IEE Colloquium Digest No. 1985/102, pp. 3/1-3/15, November 1985.

BENEST, I.D, MORGAN, G. & SMITHURST, M.D., "A Humanised Interface To An Electronic Library", In: Bullinger, H.-J. & Shackel, B. (Eds), "Human-Computer Interaction - INTERACT '87", North-Holland, pp. 905-910, September 1987.

BENEST, I.D., MORGAN, G. & SMITHURST, M.D., "Applications for Book and Index Emulators", IEEE Conference on The Computer-Aided Technologies (Compint '87), Montreal, pp. 224-227, November 1987.

BROWN, A.W., PEARCY, A., HOLMES, S.J., BENEST, I.D., "An Application for Evaluating the Aspect Development Software", UK IT 1988 Conference, Swansea, IED DTI, London, pp. 73-75, July 1988.

BENEST, I.D., "A Hypertext System with Controlled Hype", Proceedings of Hypertext II, P1, pp. 1-4, June 1989.

BENEST, I.D. & DUKIC, D., "High-Level User-Interface Objects", In: Salvendy, G. & Smith, M.J., (Eds), "Designing and Using Human-Computer Interfaces and Knowledge Based Systems", Elsevier, pp. 597-604, 1989.

BENEST, I.D., "Towards an Office Automation Metaphor", 1st. World Electronic Media Symposium, International Telecommunication Union, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 151-155, October 1989.

BENEST, I.D., "A Hypertext System with Controlled Hype", In: McAleese, R & Green, C (Eds), "Hypertext State of the Art", Ablex, pp. 52-63, (extended version of Hypertext II Conference paper), 1990.

BENEST, I.D., "Computer-Assisted Learning using Dynamic Electronic Books", Computers and Education, Vol.15, No.1-3 pp. 195-203, 1990.

BENEST, I.D. & DUKIC, D., "Tools that Support Human-Human Communication in the Automated Office", In: Diaper, D., Gilmore, D., Cockton, G. and Shackel, B. (Eds), "Human Computer Interaction - INTERACT '90", Elsevier Science Publishers BV, (North-Holland), pp. 853-859, August, 1990.

BENEST, I.D. & DUKIC, D., "Some Design Issues in the Automated Office", Conference Proceedings of the European X Window System User Group Conference, European X User Group, Cambridge, UK, pp. 56-69, Autumn 1990.

BENEST, I.D., BROWN, A.W., EARL, A.N., PEARCY, A., PETRIE, A., STROUD, R.J., WELLINGS, A.J., & WHITTINGTON, R.P., "An Overview of Aspect", In: Brown, A.W., (Ed), "Integrated Project Support Environments: The Aspect Project", Academic Press, pp. 27-47, 1991.

BENEST, I.D., "HCI Perspectives", In: Brown, A.W., (Ed), "Integrated Project Support Environments: The Aspect Project", Academic Press, pp. 171-176, 1991.

BENEST, I. & DUKIC, D., "Computer Support for the Group in Computer Based Technical Projects", In: Queinnec, Y. & Daniellou, F., "Designing for Everyone and Everybody", Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 549-551, July 1991.

DUKIC, D. & BENEST, I.D., "DrawingBoard: Adopting the Drawing Office Metaphor for Page Composition", SUN '91 Conference Proceedings, Sun UK User Group, Buntingford, UK, pp.227-239, September 1991.

BENEST, I.D., "An Alternative Approach to Hypertext", Educational and Training Technology International, Vol.28, No.4, pp. 341-346, 1991.

MERTZANIS, E.C., DUKIC, D., BENEST, I.D. & AUSTIN, J., "A Neural Network Based Position Invariant Pattern Recognition System with a Constrained Hypermedia Style User-Interface", Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Maastricht, The Netherlands, pp. 217-220, April 1992.

BENEST, I.D., "Towards Computer Based Talking Texts", In Bateman, D. and Hopkins, T. (Ed), "Developments in the Teaching of Computer Science", University of Kent, pp. 35-43, April 1992.

BENEST, I.D., "Integrating the Computer into the Learning Process", In: Duggan, T.V. (Ed), "Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Engineering Education", Vol. 3, Computational Mechanics Publications, Southampton, pp. 3-8, September 1992.

BENEST, I.D. & DUKIC, D, "Computer Supported Teamwork", In: DIAPER, D. & SANGER, C. (Eds), "CSCW in Practice: An Introduction and Case Studies", Springer-Verlag, London, pp. 127-150, 1993.

BENEST, I.D., "From a Schematic Entry Drawing Capability Towards User-Enhanceable Systems". In: HOWARD, T. (Ed), Proceedings of the Eurographics UK Conference, Eurographics UK Chapter, Abingdon, pp. 73-86, 1993.

BENEST, I.D. & V. W-W. TANG, "A Natural Interface To On-Line Documentation". In: "Issues in Computer Support for Documentation and Manuals", IEE Colloquium Digest No. 1993/169, pp. 6/1-6/6, October 1993.

BENEST, I.D. & HAGUE, A.C., "The On-Line Lecture Concept". In: NOBAR, P.M. & KAINZ, W. (Eds), "Computer Based Learning in Science", Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Based Learning in Science, Vienna, pp. 440-448, December 1993.

HAGUE, A.C., & BENEST, I.D., "Towards Over-the-Shoulder Guidance Following a Traditional Learning Metaphor", In: EAMES, I.W. & JOHNSON A.R. (Eds), "Computer Aided Learning in Engineering" Conference Proceedings, Sheffield, pp. 21-30, September 1994.

FRITZ, J.M. & BENEST, I.D., "A New File Access Paradigm For Extending a User's Information Base", In: DEGROSS, J.I., HUFF, S.L., and MUNRO, M.C. (Eds), 15th International Conference on Information Systems, Vancouver, Canada, Society for Information Management, pp.51-60, December 1994.

BENEST, I.D., "A Schematic Entry Drawing Capability In A Linearised Hypermedia System", Computer Graphics Forum, Vol.13, No.5, pp.293-303, (revised version of the Eurographics paper), 1994.

BARKER, P., RICHARDS, S., & BENEST, I., "Human-Computer Interface Design for Electronic Books", In: RAITT, D.I. & JEAPES, B., "Online Information 94", Proceedings of the 18th International Online Information Meeting, Learned Information (Europe), pp. 213-225, December 1994.

HAGUE A.C. & BENEST, I.D., "Implementing a CAL Technique For Deep Learning", In: MAURER, H., "Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 1995", Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 95 - World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, pp.289-294, June 1995.

BENEST, I.D., "Audio Annotations of Electronic Texts", In: NORDBY, K., HELMERSEN, P., GILMORE, D.J. & ARNESEN, S.A. (Eds), "Human-Computer Interaction: Interact 95", Chapman & Hall, London, pp.390-393, June 1995.

FRITZ, J.M. & BENEST, I.D., "An Evaluation of Open Hypertext Features For Improved File Access", In: KIRBY, M.A.R., Dix, A.J. & Finlay, J.E. (Eds), "People and Computers X: Proceedings of HCI '95", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., pp.339-354, August 1995.

HAGUE, A.C. & BENEST, I.D., "CAL'95: Towards over-the-shoulder guidance following a traditional learning metaphor", Computers and Education, 26(1-3), pp.61-70, June 1996.

BARKER, P.G. & BENEST, I.D., "The On-Line Lecture Concept - A Comparison of Two Approaches", In: "Learning at a Distance: Developments in Media Technologies", IEE Colloquium Digest No. 96/148, pp. 9/1-9/7, June 1996.

BENEST, I.D., "The Specification and Presentation of On-Line Lectures", Innovations in Education and Training International, 34(1), pp.32-43, February 1997.

COOK, N.J. and BENEST, I.D., "A Step Towards A Conversational Search Guide: The Audio Output", Yellow Report, YCS 324, Computer Science, University of York, July 2000.

BENEST, I.D., "Towards a Seamless Provision of Multimedia Course Material", Innovations in Education and Training International, Vol 37, No.4, pp.323-334, November 2000.

BENEST, I.D., "Automating Lecture Material Delivery", IEE International Symposium on Engineering Education: Innovations in Teaching, Learning and Assessment, pp. 27/1-27/6, January 2001.

BENEST, I.D., "Multimedia: Delivery Quality Metrics", International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE 2001), Oslo, August 2001, pp. 7B1/28-7B1/33.

COOK, N.J. & BENEST I.D., "The Generation of Speech For a Search Guide", In: DALSGAARD, P, LINDBERG, B and BENNER, H (Eds), 7th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (Eurospeech 2001), Aalborg, Denmark, September 2001, ISBN 87-90834-09-7, pp. 1739-1742.

BENEST, I.D., "Towards the Automated Assessment of Quality and Difficulty in On-Line Lectures", In: Aung, W., Hicks, P., Scavarda, L., Roubicek, V. & Wei, C-H., (Eds), "Engineering Education and Research - 2001: A Chronicle of Worldwide Innovation", iNEER/Begell House Publishers, Arlington, VA, USA, 2002, ISBN 1-56700-186-6, pp. 147-160.

BENEST, I., BOOTH, T. & RIBEIRO, N., "The Essential Specification Features For Computerised Delivery of Taught Material", International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE 2002), Manchester, UK, CD-ROM, Stream 5, Paper 027, August 2002, p.7.

BENEST, I.D. & WORSLEY M.J., "Finding Knowledge In An On-Line Lecture Corpus", 3rd Annual Conference of the LTSN Centre for Information and Computer Sciences, Loughborough, August 2002, pp. 37-42.

RIBEIRO, N.M. & BENEST, I.D., "Invisible but Audible: Enhancing Information Awareness through Anthropomorphic Speech", In: FAULKNER, X., FINLAY, J. & DETIENNE, F., (Eds), People and Computers XVI - Memorable Yet Invisible, Proceedings of HCI 2002, Springer, 2002, ISBN 1-85233-659-5, pp. 17-35.

ABDULLAH, M.S., BENEST, I., EVANS, A., & KIMBLE, C., "Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems", 3rd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Dublin, Ireland, September 2002, ISBN:0-9540488-6-5, pp. 15-25.

BENEST, I.D., BOOTH, T.G., PACK, R. & RIBEIRO, N.M., "Technical Support For Teaching and Learning", In: AUNG, W., HOFFMANN, M.H.W., JERN, N.W., KING, R.W. & SANCHEZ RUIZ, L.M., (Eds), Innovations 2003: World Innovations in Engineering Education and Research, Chapter 6, iNEER/Begell House Publishers, Arlington, VA, USA, 2003, ISBN 0-9741252-0-2, pp. 49-59.

BENEST, I., CARTER, J. & CHANDLER, J., "Identifying the Dominant Personality and Attitudinal Traits in Computer Science", In: BALLESTER SARRIAS, E., SANCHEZ RUIZ, L, FUENTES DURA, P., CAMINA CATALA, C, MARTINEZ RUBIO, J.M. & AGUSTIN FONFRIA, M.A., (Eds), International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE 2003), Valencia, Spain, CD-ROM, Paper 2346, July 2003, ISBN 84-600-9918-0, p.8.

TAYLOR, D. & BENEST, I., "A Debate on Protecting Intellectual Property of Teaching and Learning Objects", In: BALLESTER SARRIAS, E., SANCHEZ RUIZ, L, FUENTES DURA, P., CAMINA CATALA, C, MARTINEZ RUBIO, J.M. & AGUSTIN FONFRIA, M.A., (Eds), International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE 2003), Valencia, Spain, CD-ROM, Paper 4614, July 2003, ISBN 84-600-9918-0, p.6.

CHANDLER, J., CARTER, J. & BENEST, I., "Extravert or Introvert? The Real Personalities of Computing Students", In: O'REILLY, U., (Ed), 4th Annual Conference of the LTSN Centre for Information and Computer Sciences, Galway, Ireland, August 2003, ISBN 0-9541927-4-5, pp. 169-174.

MCCREATH, E., BENEST, I. & GRAY, P., "Mobile On-Line Lectures", In: ROSSETT, A. (Ed), E-Learn 2003 World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, & Higher Education, AACE, Norfolk, VA, USA, ISBN 1-880094-50-9, November 2003, pp. 2321-2328.

BENEST, I., "Learning and Teaching With Computers", In: IRONS, A. and ALEXANDER, S., (Eds), Effective Learning and Teaching in Computing, RoutledgeFalmer, London, 2004, ISBN 0-415-33500-0, pp. 38-47.

ABDULLAH, M.S., EVANS, A., BENEST, I., & KIMBLE, C., "Developing a UML Profile for Knowledge-Based Systems", In: ABMANN, U., (Ed), Proceedings of Model-Driven Architecture: Foundations and Applications, (MDAFA 2004), Linkoping, Sweden, June 2004, pp. 202-216.

ABDULLAH, M.S., EVANS, A., KIMBLE, C. & BENEST, I., "Extending UML Using Profiles for Knowledge-Based Systems Modelling", In: RAMOS, C. & VALE, Z., (Eds), International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Decision Support (ICKEDS '04), Porto, Portugal, ISBN 972-8688-24-5, July 2004, pp. 489-496.

ABDULLAH, M.S., BENEST, I., EVANS, A., & KIMBLE, C., "Modelling Knowledge-Based Systems Using UML Profile", IEEE 4th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Application (ISDA 2004), Budapest, Hungary, ISBN 963-7154-30-2, August 2004, pp. 49-54.

ABDULLAH, M.S., KIMBLE, C., BENEST, I., & EVANS, A., "Designing Knowledge-based System to Manage Knowledge", In: REMENYI, D., (Ed), Proceedings of 5th European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM 2004), Paris, France, ISBN 0-9547096-5-9, September 2004, pp. 5-18.

ABDULLAH, M.S., EVANS, A., BENEST, I., PAIGE, R., & KIMBLE, C., "Modelling Knowledge Based Systems Using The eXecutable Modelling Framework (XMF)", Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent Systems (CIS 2004), Singapore, ISBN 0-7803-8644-2, December 2004, pp. 1054-1059.

BENEST, I.D., CARTER, J.E., & CHANDLER, J.M., "The Personality and Attitude Traits of Computer Science Students", In: AUNG, W., KING, R.W., MOSCINSKI, J., OU, S-H., & SANCHEZ RUIZ, L.M., (Eds), Innovations 2005: World Innovations in Engineering Education and Research, Chapter 26, iNEER/Begell House Publishers, Arlington, VA, USA, 2005, ISBN 0-9741252-2-9, pp. 291-304.

ABDULLAH, M.S., PAIGE, R., BENEST, I., KIMBLE, C. & EVANS, A., "Designing Knowledge-Based Systems Using UML Profile (Metamodel Based Extension)", Proceedings of the ACM Second International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Information Systems (ICICIS 2005), Cairo, Egypt, ISBN 977-237-172-3, March 2005, pp. 299-306.

ABDULLAH, M.S., KIMBLE, C., PAIGE, R., BENEST, I., & EVANS, A., "Developing a UML Profile for Knowledge-Based Systems", In: ABMANN, U., AKSIT, M. & RENSINK, A. (Eds), Model-Driven Architecture: European MDA Workshops: Foundations and Applications, MDAFA 2003 and MDAFA 2004, Twente, The Netherlands, June 26-27, 2003 and Linkoping, Sweden, June 10-11, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, ISBN 3-540-28240-8, pp. 220-233.

BENEST, I., "Towards Inclusive Teaching Objects", In: STEEDE, H. & O'REILLY, U., (Eds), 6th Annual Conference of the Subject Centre for Information and Computer Sciences, York, UK, August 2005, ISBN 0-9541927-9-6, pp. 6-10.

ABDULLAH, M.S., PAIGE, R., THOMPSON, C., BENEST, I., & KIMBLE, C., "Conceptual Modelling Of Knowledge-Based Systems Using UML", In: LI, D. & WANG, B. (Eds), 2nd IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI2005), Vol 187, Beijing, China, September 2005, ISBN 0-387-28318-8, pp. 23-33.

ABDULLAH, M.S., PAIGE, R., BENEST, I., & KIMBLE, C., "Unified Modeling Language for Knowledge Modelling", International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Modelling Control and Automation (CIMCA 2005), Vienna, Austria, November 2005 [No page numbers yet].

ABDULLAH, M.S., KIMBLE, C., BENEST, I. & PAIGE, R., "Knowledge-Based Systems: A Re-Evaluation", Journal of Knowledge Management, 10(3), 2006, pp. 127-142.

CARTER, J., BENEST, I. & CHANDLER, J.,"E-Learning - The Students' Choice?", In: STEEDE, H. & HACKETT, J., (Eds), 7th Annual Conference of the Subject Centre for Information and Computer Sciences, Dublin, Ireland, August 2006, ISBN 0-9552005-3-9, pp. 171-175.

BENEST, I.D., "Concentrating On Widening Participation Improves the Pedagogy", In: GRAHAM, D., (Ed), Workshop Proceedings: Developing a Framework for E-Learning 2006, Dublin, Ireland, August 2006, ISBN 1-861662-26-2, pp. 14-18.

ABDULLAH, M.S., PAIGE, R., BENEST, I. & KIMBLE, C. "Knowledge Modelling Using the UML Profile", In: MAGLOGIANNIS, I., KARPOUZIS, K. and BRAMER, M. (Eds), Third IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI 2006), 204, Athens, Greece, June 2006, Springer, ISSN 15715736, pp. 70-77.

GRAHAM, D., BENEST, I. & NICHOLL, P. "Cognitive Issues in Information Visualisation Design for Interaction for the Visually Impaired", 11th International Conference on Information Visualisation (IV 2007), Zurich, Switzerland, July 2007, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 917-920.

FU, R. & BENEST, I.D., "Improvements in Speaker Diarization System", In: FARIA, S. & ASSUNCAO, P. (Eds), Proceedings of an International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications (SIGMAP 2007), Barcelona, Spain, July 2007, ISBN 978-989-8111-13-5, pp. 317-323.

GRAHAM, D., BENEST, I. & NICHOLL, P. "Interaction Design For Visually Impaired Students: Initial Findings", In: WHITE, H. & Marsh, J. (Eds), Eighth Annual Conference of the Subject Centre for Information and Computer Sciences, Southampton, UK, August 2007, ISBN 0-978-0-9552005-7-1, pp. 116-121.

ABDULLAH, M.S., PAIGE, R., KIMBLE, C., & BENEST, I., "A UML Profile for Knowledge-Based Systems Modelling", 5th ACIS International Conference on Software Engineering Research, Management and Applications (SERA 2007), (August 2007), Busan, Korea, IEEE Computer Society, 2007, pp. 871 - 878.

FU, R., & BENEST, I.D., "An Improved Speaker Diarization System", In: VAN HAMME, H. & VAN SON, R. (Eds), Eighth Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2007), Antwerp, Belgium, August 2007, ISSN 1990-9772 CD-ROM, pp. 2605-2608.

ABDULLAH, M.S., BENEST, I., PAIGE, R., & KIMBLE, C. "Using Unified Modeling Language for Conceptual Modelling of Knowledge-Based Systems", In: PARENT, C., SCHEWE, K.-D., STOREY, V.C. & THALHEIM, B., 26th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER 2007), Auckland, New Zealand, November 2007, LNCS 4801, Springer-Verlag, pp. 438-453.

GRAHAM, D., BENEST, I. & NICHOLL, P. "Interaction Design For Teaching Visually Impaired Students", IASK - E-Activity and Leading Technologies 2007 Conference (E-ALT2007), Porto, December 2007, pp. 80-89.

GRAHAM, D., BENEST, I. & NICHOLL, P. "Interaction Design For Inclusive Learning", In: MUKERJI, S. & TRIPATHI, P. (Eds), Cases on Technology Enhanced Learning through Collaborative Opportunities, IGI Global, 2010, pp. 28-40.

GRAHAM, D., BENEST, I. & NICHOLL, P. "Learning in an Inclusive Multi-Modal Environment", Journal of Cases on Information Technology (JCIT), Vol 12(3), 2010, pp.28-44.

BENEST, I.D. & THOMPSON, D.R., "Private Study with Search Engine Support - Examination Papers", 2013 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON 2013), Berlin, Germany, 13-15 March 2013, pp.723-728.

NICHOLL, P., GRAHAM, D., REDPATH, J., KEARNEY, P., WALLACE, J., MULVENNA, M., MARTIN, S., & BENEST, I. "Identifying the Barriers and Enablers for Supporting Learners with Special Needs in Higher Education", In: MUKERJI, S. & TRIPATHI, P. (Eds), Handbook of Research on Transnational Higher Education, Chapter 24, IGI Global, 2014, pp. 467-485.

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Last updated on 26 February 2014.