2018 PhD in Computer Science University of York Entitiled "Observation-enhanced verification of operational processes" this work, in collaboration with DSTL, focused on techniques to combine observation data with traditional modelling techniques to more accurately represent the behaviour of operational processes using Markovian models.

2012 Post Graduate Certificate in Education Leeds Trinity University PGCE (ICT) in secondary education.

2011 BA (Open) Open University Modules included: Accounting, Business Studies, Economics, Pure mathematics and Project management.

1993 PhD in Control Systems Engineering Coventry University Entitiled "Computer controlled suspension systems" this work in collaboration with Jaguar Cars focused on the application of control to vehicle dynamics.

1990 BEng in Computer and Control Systems Engineering Coventry Polytechnic A systems centred approach to control theory. Using computing and electronics to apply mathematical theory to real world systems.