(2005):

ABSTRACT: A time-dependent dielectric medium is used to model a time-varying beam-splitter inside a cavity. The time-varying boundary conditions smoothly evolve from a highly transmitting to a highly reflecting beam-splitter. These approximately correspond to a transformation from a single cavity to a pair of cavities. Quantum field-theoretic calculations show that such a smooth change yields non-singular evolution of the field. However, it predicts a production of photons up to frequencies comparable to the rate of change of the transition. We find that a time-varying beam-splitter operating at optical frequencies would produce an observable number of photons.