I personally believe that the best key to overcoming autism is understanding it. Autism is caused by various biochemical processes that affect the way the brain develops.
For some time I believed that the brains of autistic people were structured slightly differently so that there is a greater tendency for neuronal impulses to travel up and down (literal thinking) and a lesser tendency for them to move sideways (lateral thinking). This phenomenon would be spread throughout the whole brain rather than being local to certain regions. Experiments with neural nets on computer systems have shown that nets which emphasise up and down movement of information (like in autistic brains) give excellent storage of detail but show less ability to distinguish things. Nets which emphasise sideways movement of information show excellent distinguishing power but are note as good at storage.
On the much larger and more complex scale of the brain, this means that non-autistic people are more aware of plot but autistic people are more aware of detail. Autistic people are better at logical problems but less intuitive. This doesn't necessarily mean that autistic people should have brilliant memories, on the contrary they can often be quite absent minded about certain things. The heightened sensory awareness and constant recall of extra details, many of which are unimportant can be a never ending source of distraction to concentration and learning skills. It can be especially difficult to pick up information regarding the culture one lives in especially in today's Western society which I feel is suffering from cultural overload (see general knowledge).
What I now believe is similar to the above but slightly modified. I now feel that perhaps the root cause of autism is an increased bias towards the re-assessment of previous thoughts (hence the repetitions and rituals). Consequently the capacity for intuition and context awareness is reduced.
To assess a social situation, one needs to pick up on as many clues as possible and swiftly piece them together. The final deduction is often greater than the sum of its parts.
Also, a difficult thing for an autistic person is 'finding a balance' and this may show its self at all levels of behaviour and reasoning. The ability to adapt to the 'situation continuum' and conform to the surrounding world is however an extremely ancient survival strategy which is most reelevant in the social sector of life.
If I could explain Asperger Syndrome in just one sentence it would be as follows:
Autistic people have to understand scientifically what non-autistic people already understand instinctively.
Getting the best from this book
Looking on the bright side
Distortions of the truth
Humour and conflict
Sexually related problems and points about going out
Finding the right friends
Keeping a clean slate
Living away from home
Jobs and interviews
A Personal in depth analysis of the problem