Books : reviews

Charles C. Mann.
1491: new revelations of the Americas before Columbus: 2nd edn.
Vintage. 2011

Charles C. Mann’s groundbreaking work of science, history, and archaeology radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus in 1492.

Contrary to what so many Americans learn in school, Columbus did not land in a sparsely settled, near-pristine wilderness. Recent research has shown that Indians arrived millennia earlier than previously thought and shaped the lands around them in ways we are only now beginning to understand. The astonishing Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán had running water and immaculately clean streets, and was larger than any contemporary European city. Native cultures created corn in a specialized breeding process that it has been called man’s first feat of genetic engineering. Perhaps most surprising, many researchers believe that past Indian cultures created much of today’s Amazon forst. This is a transformative new look at a rich and fascinating world we only thought we knew.

Charles C. Mann.
1493: how Europe's discovery of the Americas revolutionized trade, ecology and life on earth.
Granta. 2011

A sweeping, hugely readable account of history’s biggest ecological shake-up and the beginning of what we call globalization, when Europe and the Americas collided for the first time in millennia.